Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Get care for inflammatory bowel diseases, including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, at North Carolina Surgery (formerly REX Surgical Specialists) in Raleigh and Cary.
What Is Inflammatory Bowel Disease?
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a collection of intestinal disorders that cause inflammation in your digestive tract. Not to be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), IBD is a more serious condition that can cause ulcers, cancer and other damage to your digestive system.
You may have one of two main types of IBD:
- Crohn’s disease – Inflammation in the layers of your digestive tract that can spread deeply into the surrounding tissue, potentially caused by your immune system attacking harmless viruses, bacteria or food in your stomach
- Ulcerative colitis – Inflammation or ulcers in the lining of your large intestine (colon) potentially caused by your immune system mistaking food or bacteria in your stomach as harmful
Diagnosing Crohn’s Disease & Ulcerative Colitis
Your surgeon may use one of the following tests to look inside your colon and diagnose IBD:
- Colonoscopy – Takes photos of your entire colon using a thin, flexible tube (colonoscope) with an attached camera
- Sigmoidoscopy – Uses a thin tube with a light and camera to show the inside of your rectum and lower colon
- Video capsule endoscopy – Requires you to swallow a capsule with a tiny camera that passes painlessly in your stool
Surgery for IBD
If IBD medications don’t work well for you, ask North Carolina Surgery about a surgical procedure such as:
Depending on your procedure, your surgeon may need to create a small opening (stoma) in your belly afterward. This opening lets stool pass into a discreet, odor-proof pouch if you can no longer pass waste normally.