About 40 percent of Americans will experience hemorrhoids, or blood vessels in the lower rectum or anus that become swollen. If the swelling is internal, it often doesn't cause pain, but you may experience bleeding when passing a bowel movement. These usually heal without treatment in a couple of weeks.
If a hemorrhoid is on the anus, it may move outside so that it can be seen and felt. If it forms a blood clot, also known as thrombosis, it can be very painful. Thrombosed hemorrhoids are usually not serious, even though they may feel and look like it. But if the pain is too much or the bleeding is extensive, your doctor may consider surgery to treat the hemorrhoid.
There are a handful of minimally invasive procedures used to treat hemorrhoids. These are simple, relatively painless and provide a quick recovery. Hemorrhoid surgery may also be performed. This is typically an outpatient procedure. Surgery is more extensive than the other procedures, but it is thought to reduce the chance that the hemorrhoids will recur.
The risk of complications is very low from hemorrhoid surgery. After the procedure, though, you may experience bleeding, an infection or a reaction to the anesthesia.
Trouble urinating and passing a bowel movement may also occur after surgery. You will have the best results after the treatment if you are able to avoid straining during bowel movements.
The professionals of North Carolina Surgery are here for you whether your surgery is minor or serious. We provide each patient with the highest quality, most caring treatment available throughout Wake County in Raleigh, Cary, Wakefield, Garner, Knightdale and Holly Springs. Our surgeons also help to provide round the clock coverage of surgery patients in the REX Emergency Department. Our extensive experience and use of the latest technology allows us to effectively diagnose and treat your hemorrhoids so you can get back to normal as quickly as possible.
For more information on thrombosed hemorrhoids and their treatment, visit the American Academy of Family Physicians or the National Institutes of Health.